In the current energy crisis that we are facing today; it is imperative to look for alternate energy resources. Our world’s coal, oil and gas reserves are finite and will eventually be exhausted whether it is 50 years, a century or a couple of centuries.
Pakistan has tremendous potential to develop hydro –power, but along with scarce monetary resources our Government also lacks a will to take the bold initiatives to get us out of this energy crisis. Solar panels are being used in some parts of the Country but a mega-power project on the basis of solar energy is high in cost and certainly not feasible for a poor country like Pakistan.
Wind power is perhaps the best solution to Pakistan’s problems.
What is wind power?
Wind power generation is the process to harness the kinetic energy of the wind gusts and turn it into useful electrical energy. It is by far less in cost, and if handled properly it could server as the ultimate life-saver for an energy deficient country like Pakistan.
How it is done? A wind turbine is installed in an area with considerable wind activity (wind turbines usually start generating power at wind speed of greater than 9 mile/hr). The rotors of the turbines are moved with the kinetic energy carried by the wind. The rotors then turn a shaft connected to a turbine and electricity is generated.
The advantages of wind power are numerous. They are considerably less expensive to install than solar panels. They are Eco-friendly meaning that they burn no fuel and hence emit no harmful gases. A large commercial wind-turbine can power 1000 houses!!!
Wind turbines can work on individual basis, this is ideal for end-users. For example remote villages or isolated places can use this technique to high effect.
Lying 150 kilometers (94 miles) due south of Pakistan’s financial capital Karachi, Kharochhan is an island of thatched homes where fishermen scrape by on 75 dollars a month and never dreamed of having electricity.
Then a local charity pitched up and installed five wind turbines. Now a fifth of homes — 100 out of around 500 — have been hooked up to the system.
“Each of us saves up to 1,500 rupees (18 dollars) that we would have spent on kerosene. I couldn’t afford to educate my children, but now I’ll put two of my four daughters in school,” Arif said.
“We’re poor with meager resources. Our boys usually become fishermen and our girls illiterate housewives. This money could help us improve our children’ future,” he added. (source)
On a larger scale, wind-farms can be used as a mega project for power generation. Denmark and even our neighbor India are beautiful examples.
The need is to see the problem as a problem with a solution; we are the ones who will solve our problems not someone from outside. It is high time to initiate alternate energy projects in transparent ways so that monetary assistance from sources like Asian Development Bank, World Bank, Private investors can be obtained.